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Contents

Music from the Earliest Notations to the Sixteenth Century

Art Credits

Chapter:
Source:
MUSIC FROM THE EARLIEST NOTATIONS TO THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY

  1. Figure 1-1 Cartography by Bill Nelson.

  2. 1-2a Bibliothèque Municipale, Épernay. Bridgeman Art Library.

  3. 1-2b cliché Bibliothèque nationale de France.

  4. 1-3 Cartography by Bill Nelson.

  5. 1-4a St. Gallen, Switzerland, Stiftsbibliothek, MS St. Gall 359. From Willi Apel, Gregorian Chant, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1958, plate 1 facing p. 122. By permission of Indiana University Press.

  6. 1-4b Bibliothèque municipale de Chartres.

  7. 1-4c By permission of the British Library, Egerton 857.

  8. 1-5 From Rudolf Kittel, Liber Genesis. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1909.

  9. 1-6 Alphabetic notation adapted from Musica enchiriadis.

  10. 1-7 Music Division, The New York Public Library for the Performing Arts, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations.

  11. 1-8 Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München, Musikabteilung, Clm 2599, fol. 96v.

  12. 1-9 British Museum, London, © Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY.

  13. 1-10 Metropolitan Museum of Art, Fletcher Fund, 1956 (56.171.38).

  14. 2-1 Staatsarchiv des Kantons Zurich, StaZ W 13, 19 XXXV fol. 56r.

  15. 2-2a Staatsbibliothek Bamberg, Msc. Var. 1 fol. 64.

  16. 2-2b cliché Bibliothèque nationale de France.

  17. 2-3 Sevilla, MS 56-5-1, fol. 2, akg-images.

  18. 2-4 Louvre, Paris, © Réunion des Musées Nationaux/Art Resource, NY.

  19. 3-1 Bibliothèque Municipale, Avranches, © Snark/Art Resource, NY.

  20. 3-2 Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana ms. Plut. 29.1, cc. 1v. Su concessione del Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali. E’vietata ogni ulteriore riproduzione con qualsiasi mezzo.

  21. 3-3 J. F. Neyts, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Valenciennes, © Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY.

  22. 3-4 © Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY.

  23. 3-5 Bildarchiv d. ÖNB, Wien.

  24. 3-6 Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München, Musikabteilung, MS Clm 9599, fol. 97.

  25. 4-1 Biblioteca Nazionale, Florence, BR 217, fol. 58r, © Scala/Art Resource, NY.

  26. 4-2 cliché Bibliothèque nationale de France.

  27. 4-3 Cartography by Bill Nelson.

  28. 4-4a Fontevrault, © Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY.

  29. 4-4b Fontevrault, © Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY.

  30. 4-5 Reproduced from John E. Bowlt, The Silver Age: Russian Art of the Early Twentieth Century and the “World of Art” Group. Newtonville, Mass.: Oriental Research Partners, 1982. By permission of Oriental Research Partners/ORP Group.

  31. 4-6 Real Biblioteca Monasterio del Escorial, codex of Cantigas de Santa Maria, signature b.I.2.

  32. 4-7a From Higinio Anglès, La música de las Cantigas de Santa Maria del Rey Alfonso el Sabio, vol. 3, part 2 (Barcelona, 1943).

  33. 4-7b Sweet Dreams Sweetheart, Lyrics by Ted Koehler, Music by M. K. Jerome, © 1944 (Renewed) WB Music Corp. Sweetheart I’m So Glad That I Met You, Lyrics by Clifford Grey, Music by George Gershwin, © 1923 (Renewed) WB Music Corp. ’S Wonderful, Lyrics by Ira Gershwin, Music by George Gershwin, © 1927 (Renewed) WB Music Corp. All Rights Reserved. Used by Permission, Warner Bros. Publications U.S. Inc., Miami, Florida 33014.

  34. 4-8 cliché Bibliothèque nationale de France.

  35. 4-9 Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München, Musikabteilung, MS Clm 4660, akg-images.

  36. 4-10 Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg; Codex Manesse.

  37. 4-11 Universitätsbibliothek Innsbruck, akg-images.

  38. 5-1 Reprinted from Speculum, no. 38, 1953, “The Notation of Polyphonic Music, 900–1600,” by Willi Apel, Permission granted by the Medieval Academy of America, Cambridge, MA.

  39. 5-2 cliché Bibliothèque nationale de France.

  40. 5-3 From W. M. Whitehill, J. Carro Garcia, and G. Prado, eds., Liber Sancti Jacobi: Codex Calixtinus (Santiago de Compostela, 1944).

  41. 5-4 Ibid.

  42. 6-1 © Art Resource/Art Resource, NY.

  43. 6-2 Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, MS 3837 N.A.L. 2060, fol. 55, © Snark/Art Resource, NY.

  44. 6-3a From Liber usualis Missae et offici. Paris and New York: Desclée, 1964.

  45. 6-3b Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana ms. Plut. 29.1, cc. 82r–v. Su concessione del Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali. E’vietata ogni ulteriore riproduzione con qualsiasi mezzo.

  46. 6-4 Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana ms. Plut. 29.1, cc. 2r–v, 3r. Su concessione del Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali. E’vietata ogni ulteriore riproduzione con qualsiasi mezzo.

  47. 6-5 Wolfenbuttel, Herzog August Bibliothek MS. Guelf 1099, fol 16.

  48. 6-6 Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana ms. Plut. 29.1, cc. 11r–v. Su concessione del Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali. E’vietata ogni ulteriore riproduzione con qualsiasi mezzo.

  49. 6-7a Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana ms. Plut. 29.1, cc.170r–v, 171r. Su concessione del Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali. E’vietata ogni ulteriore riproduzione con qualsiasi mezzo.

  50. 6-7b Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana ms. Plut. 29.1, cc. 415v. Su concessione del Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali. E’vietata ogni ulteriore riproduzione con qualsiasi mezzo.

  51. 7-1 Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, MS fr. 2608, fol. 295v. © Giraudon/Art Resource, NY.

  52. 7-2a Wolfenbuttel, Herzog August Bibliothek MS. Guelf 1099, fols. 16v–17.

  53. 7-2b Wolfenbuttel, Herzog August Bibliothek MS. Guelf 1099, fols. 146v–147.

  54. 7-3 Staatsbibliothek Bamberg, Msc. Lit. 115, fols. 15v-16r.

  55. 7-4 Wolfenbuttel, Herzog August Bibliothek MS. Guelf 1099, fols. 136–136v.

  56. 7-5 Staatsbibliothek Bamberg, Msc. Lit. 115, fols. 7r–7v.

  57. 7-6 Staatsbibliothek Bamberg, Msc. Lit. 115, fols. 63v–64r.

  58. 7-7 Staatsbibliothek Bamberg, Msc. Lit. 115, fol. 52v.

  59. 7-8 Staatsbibliothek Bamberg, Msc. Lit. 115, fol. 14v.

  60. 7-9 From Yvonne Rokseth, Polyphonies du XIIIe siècle: Le manuscrit H 196 da la Faculté de medicine de Montpellier, Éditions de l’Oiseau-Lyre, Paris, 1935. By permission of Éditions de l’Oiseau-Lyre, Les Remparts, Monaco.

  61. 7-10 Ibid.

  62. 8-1 Harmonic proportions according to Jehan des Murs.

  63. 8-2 Ars nova notation.

  64. 8-3 cliché Bibliothèque nationale de France.

  65. 8-4 From Heinrich Besseler and Peter Gulke, Schriftbild der mehrstimmigen Musik, Leipzig, VEB Deutscher Verlag für Musik, 1973. (Musikgeschicte in Bildern, Vol. 3, Part 5.) Reprinted by permission of Bärenreiter Music Corporation.

  66. 8-5 Lorenzo d’Alessandro, S. Maria di Piazza, Sarnano, ©Alinari/Art Resource, NY.

  67. 9-1 Bibliothèque Nationale, Fonds Francais 22545–22 546, ca. 1390, © Snark/Art Resource, NY.

  68. 9-2 Antonio Ronzen, Ste. Madeleine, ca. 1520, Saint Maximin, © Giraudon/Art Resource, NY.

  69. 9-3 © Foto Marburg/Art Resource, NY.

  70. 9-4 cliché Bibliothèque nationale de France.

  71. 9-5 Modena, Biblioteca Estense, MS α.M.5.24, fol. 34v.

  72. 9-6 Limbourg Brothers, Musée Condé, Chantilly, 1416, MS 65, fol. 52r, © Réunion des Musées Nationaux/Art Resource, NY.

  73. 10-1 Fulda, Landesbibliothek, MS D. 23, fol. 302.

  74. 10-2 Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana ms. Med. Palat. 87, c. 1r. Su concessione del Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali. E’vietata ogni ulteriore riproduzione con qualsiasi mezzo.

  75. 10-3 Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana ms. Med. Palat. 87, c. 7v. Su concessione del Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali. E’vietata ogni ulteriore riproduzione con qualsiasi mezzo.

  76. 10-4 Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana ms. Med. Palat. 87, c. 121v. Su concessione del Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali. E’vietata ogni ulteriore riproduzione con qualsiasi mezzo.

  77. 10-5 Giotto di Bondone, Scrovegni Chapel, Padua, © Cameraphoto/Art Resource, NY.

  78. 11-1 British Library, MS Harley 978.

  79. 11-2 Uppsala Universitet, MS C 233, fol. 19–20. By permission of Uppsala University Library, Music and Manuscript Department.

  80. 11-3 Musée de la Tapisserie, Bayeux, © Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY.

  81. 11-4 British Museum, London, © Snark/Art Resource, NY.

  82. 11-5 Civico Museo Bibliografico Musicale, Bologna.

  83. 11-6 Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, 1451, MS fr. 12476, fol. 98, © Bridgeman-Giraudon/Art Resource, NY.

  84. 11-7 British Library, London, Harley 4431, fol. 4, © Art Resource, NY.

  85. 12-1 Biblioteca Histórica, Universitat de Valencia, MS 835, fol. 2.

  86. 12-2 cliché Bibliothèque nationale de France.

  87. 12-3 © Brussels, Royal Library of Belgium, B-Br 5557, fol. 48v.

  88. 12-4 © Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana.

  89. 12-5 Library of Congress.

  90. 12-6 Library of Congress.

  91. 12-7 Anonymous, Châteaux de Versailles et de Trianon, Versailles, © Réunion des Musées Nationaux/Art Resource, NY.

  92. 12-8 Naples, Biblioteca Nazionale, MS VI E.40, fol. 58v.

  93. 12-9 Durational proportions in Antoine Busnoys’s Missa L’Homme Armé.

  94. 13-1 Adaption of Du Fay’s rebus signature.

  95. 13-2 © Alinari/Art Resource, NY.

  96. 13-3 Bildarchiv d. ÖNB, Wien.

  97. 13-4 Ottavio Vannini, Museo degli Argenti, Palazzo Pitti, Florence, © Scala/Art Resource, NY.

  98. 14-1 Jean Perreal, Le Puy, © Réunion des Musées Nationaux/Art Resource, NY.

  99. 14-2 Marginal drawing in Erasmi Roterodami encomium Stultitae Laus “The Praise of Folly.” Basel 1515. Inv. 1662.166 fol. N verso. Kunstmuseum Basel. Kupfestichkabinett.

  100. 14-3 Bildarchiv d. ÖNB, Wien.

  101. 14-4 Hans Schwarz, Kupferstichkabinett, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Berlin, © Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz/Art Resource, NY.

  102. 14-5 Andrea Sansovino, 1507–1509, S. Maria del Popolo, Rome, © Alinari/Art Resource, NY.

  103. 15-1 Raphael, ca. 1510, The Alba Madonna, Andrew W. Mellon Collections, Image ©2004 Board of Trustees, National Gallery of Art, Washington.

  104. 15-2 Civico Museo Bibliografico Musicale, Bologna.

  105. 15-3 Civico Museo Bibliografico Musicale, Bologna.

  106. 15-4 © Art Resource/Art Resource, NY.

  107. 15-5 Music Library, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

  108. 15-6 © Alinari/Art Resource, NY.

  109. 15-7 Jacques Buus, Intabolatura d’Organo di Recercari, Libro primo, Venice, 1549. Reproduced from Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Kassel: Bärenreiter-Verlag, 1949–1986, s.v. “Ricercar.”

  110. 15-8 Michel de Toulouze, L’art et instruction de bien danser, 1496. From Manfred E. Bukofzer, Studies in Medieval and Renaissance Music, Norton, New York, 1950, plate 2 facing p. 128.

  111. 15-9 Loyset Liedet, Ms. 5073, fol.117v, Bibliothèque de l’Arsenal, Paris, © Giraudon/Art Resource, NY.

  112. 16-1a Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München, Musikabteilung.

  113. 16-1b © Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana.

  114. 16-2 By permission of Deutsches Theatermuseum, Munich.

  115. 16-3 Civico Museo Bibliografico Musicale, Bologna, © Scala/Art Resource, NY.

  116. 16-4a Hans Holbein the Younger, Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Antica, Rome, © Scala/Art Resource, NY.

  117. 16-4b Marcus Gheerhaerts, © Snark/Art Resource, NY.

  118. 16-5 Music Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts; Astor, Lenox, and Tilden Foundations.

  119. 16-6 Bibliothèque National, Paris, © Giraudon/Art Resource, NY.

  120. 17-1a Courtesy of Plantin-Moretus Museum, Antwerp.

  121. 17-1b Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, Rés 30345 A.

  122. 17-2 Bildarchiv d. ÖNB, Wien.

  123. 17-3 Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Crosby Brown Collection of Musical Instruments. (01.2.527).

  124. 17-4 Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München, Musikabteilung, Mielan Codex, D-Mbs Mus. MS. AII, fol. 187.

  125. 17-5 Michelangelo, Sistine Chapel, Vatican Palace, Vatican State, © Scala/Art Resource, NY.

  126. 17-6 By permission of Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien.

  127. 17-7 Museo Civico Medievale, Bologna.

  128. 17-8 Paolo Veronese, Louvre, Paris, © Réunion des Musées Nationaux/Art Resource, NY.

  129. 18-1 Library of Congress.

  130. 18-2 From Joseph Klug, Geistliche Lieder auffs new gebessert (Wittenberg, 1533). Stiftung Luthergedenkstätten in Sachsen-Anhalt, Lutherhalle, Wittenberg.

  131. 18-3 Library of Congress.

  132. 18-4 Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Cornaro Chapel, S. Maria della Vittoria, Rome, © Alinari/Art Resource, NY.

  133. 18-5 Reproduced from Jane Bernstein, Print Culture and Music in Sixteenth-century Venice. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. By permission of Jane Bernstein.

  134. 18-6 Matteo Pagani, after Titian, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Elisha Whittelsey Collection, The Elisha Whittelsey Fund, 1949 (49.95.139g).

  135. 19-1 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.

  136. 19-2 Ventura Salimbeni, Archivio di Stato, Siena, © Alinari/Art Resource, NY.

  137. 19-3 © By concession of the Ministero per i Beni e le Attivatà Culturali della Repubblica Italiana. Firenze. BNCF. Pal C.B.3.53 c.6r.

  138. 19-4 Library of Congress.

  139. 19-5 Library of Congress.

  140. 19-6 Library of Congress.

  141. 19-7 Civico Museo Bibliografico Musicale, Bologna.

  142. 19-8 Civico Museo Bibliografico Musicale, Bologna.

Citation (MLA):
"." The Oxford History of Western Music. Oxford University Press. New York, USA. n.d. Web. 4 Apr. 2020. <https://www.oxfordwesternmusic.com/view/Volume1/actrade-9780195384819-miscMatter-023001.xml>.
Citation (APA):
(n.d.). . In Oxford University Press, Music from the Earliest Notations to the Sixteenth Century. New York, USA. Retrieved 4 Apr. 2020, from https://www.oxfordwesternmusic.com/view/Volume1/actrade-9780195384819-miscMatter-023001.xml
Citation (Chicago):
"." In Music from the Earliest Notations to the Sixteenth Century, Oxford University Press. (New York, USA, n.d.). Retrieved 4 Apr. 2020, from https://www.oxfordwesternmusic.com/view/Volume1/actrade-9780195384819-miscMatter-023001.xml