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Contents

Music in the Late Twentieth Century

Contents

Chapter:
Source:
MUSIC IN THE LATE TWENTIETH CENTURY

    • Introduction ix
    • Preface xix
  1. Chapter 1 Starting from Scratch 1

    Music in the Aftermath of World War II; Zhdanovshchina, Darmstadt

    A new age • Cold war • Denunciation and contrition • Breaking ranks • Zero hour • Polarization • Darmstadt • Fixations • “Total serialism” • Disquieting questions • Disquieting answers • Solace in ritual • Poster boy

  2. Chapter 2 Indeterminacy 55

    Cage and the “New York School”

    Means and ends • Whose liberation? • Ne plus ultra (going as far as you can go) • Purification and its discontents • Permission • Music and politics revisited • Internalized conflict • Conflicts denied • New notations • Preserving the sacrosanct

  3. Chapter 3 The Apex 103

    Babbitt and Cold War Serialism

    Conversions • “Mainstream” dodecaphony • The grand prize • The path to the new/old music • Requiem for a heavyweight • Academicism, American style • An integrated musical time/space • Full realization • Another cold war • Logical positivism • The new patronage and its fruits • Elites and their discontents • Life within the enclave • But can you hear it? • Ultimate realization or reductio ad absurdum?

  4. Chapter 4 The Third Revolution 175

    Music and Electronic Media; Varèse's Career

    Tape • An old dream come true • Generating synthetic sounds • A maximalist out of season • “Real” vs. “pure” • The new technology spreads • The big science phase • A happy ending • Big questions reopened • Reciprocity • Renaissance or co-option?

  5. Chapter 5 Standoff (I) 221

    Music in Society: Britten

    History or society? • Some facts and figures • A modern hero • Social themes and leitmotives • Allegory (but of what?) • Exotic/erotic • To serve by challenging

  6. Chapter 6 Standoff (II) 261

    Music in History: Carter

    Explain nothing • From populism to problem-solving: An American career • Theory: The Time Screen • Practice: The First Quartet • Reception • A wholly disinterested art? • At the pinnacle

  7. Chapter 7 The Sixties 307

    Changing Patterns of Consumption and the Challenge of Pop

    What were they? • The music of youth • The British “invasion” • Defection • Rock'n’roll becomes rock • Fusion • Integration without prejudice? • Radical chic

  8. Chapter 8 A Harmonious Avant-Garde? 351

    Minimalism: Young, Riley, Reich, Glass; Their European Emulators

    New sites of innovation • Legendary beginnings • Music as spiritual discipline • A contradiction in terms? • “Classical” minimalism • Secrets of structure • “All music is folk music” • A postmodernist masterwork? • “Crossover”: Who's on top? • Disco at the Met • Americanization • Closing the spiritual circle

  9. Chapter 9 After Everything 411

    Postmodernism: Rochberg, Crumb, Lerdahl, Schnittke

    Postmodernism? • Its beginnings for music • A parenthesis on collage • Collage as theater • Apostasy • Esthetics of pastiche • Accessibility • Cognitive constraints? • Where to go from here? • One proposal • The end of Soviet music • Polystylistics

  10. Chapter 10 Millennium's End 473

    The Advent of Postliteracy: Partch, Monk, Anderson, Zorn; New Patterns of Patronage

    Grand old men • Terminal complexity • “Big science” eclipsed • Twentieth-century “orality” • Hobo origins • Imaginary folklore • A feminine redoubt • Music and computers • The elite phase • Spectralism • “Then along came MIDI!” • First fruits • Modernists in postmodernist clothing? • A glimpse of the future? • Back to nature • Paying the piper, calling the tune • A new topicality • A new spirituality

    • Notes
    • Art Credits
    • Further Reading
    • Index

Citation (MLA):
"." The Oxford History of Western Music. Oxford University Press. New York, USA. n.d. Web. 25 Sep. 2016. <http://www.oxfordwesternmusic.com/view/Volume5/actrade-9780195384857-miscMatter-011006.xml>.
Citation (APA):
(n.d.). . In Oxford University Press, Music in the Late Twentieth Century. New York, USA. Retrieved 25 Sep. 2016, from http://www.oxfordwesternmusic.com/view/Volume5/actrade-9780195384857-miscMatter-011006.xml
Citation (Chicago):
"." In Music in the Late Twentieth Century, Oxford University Press. (New York, USA, n.d.). Retrieved 25 Sep. 2016, from http://www.oxfordwesternmusic.com/view/Volume5/actrade-9780195384857-miscMatter-011006.xml