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Contents

Music in the Nineteenth Century

Further Reading

Chapter:
Source:
MUSIC IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY

Further Reading

The Nineteenth Century

General Sources

Abraham, Gerald. A Hundred Years of Music. 4th ed., London: Duckworth, 1974.

Bent, Ian, ed. Music Theory in the Age of Romanticism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Bujić, Bojan, ed. Music in European Thought, 1851–1912. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Dahlhaus, Carl. Nineteenth-Century Music, trans. J. Bradford Robinson. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1989.

Dale, Kathleen. Nineteenth-Century Piano Music. London: Oxford University Press, 1954.

Daverio, John. Nineteenth-Century Music and the German Romantic Ideology. New York: Schirmer, 1993.

Donakowski, Conrad. A Muse for the Masses: Ritual and Music in an Age of Democratic Revolution, 1770–1870. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977.

Einstein, Alfred. Music in the Romantic Era. New York: Norton, 1947.

Holoman, D. Kern, ed. The Nineteenth-Century Symphony. New York: Schirmer Books, 1997.

Lippman, Edward, ed. Musical Aesthetics: A Historical Reader, Vol. II: The Nineteenth Century. Stuyvesant, N.Y.: Pendragon Press, 1986.

Longyear, Rey M. Nineteenth-Century Romanticism in Music. 2nd ed., Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1973.

Newman, William S. The Sonata Since Beethoven. 3rd ed., New York: Norton, 1983.

Plantinga, Leon. Romantic Music: A History of Musical Style in Nineteenth-Century Europe. New York: Norton, 1984.

Ratner, Leonard G. Romantic Music: Sound and Syntax. New York: Gale Group, 1992.

Ringer, Alexander, ed. Music and Society: The Early Romantic Era. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1991.

Rosen, Charles. The Romantic Generation. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995.

Samson, Jim, ed. The Cambridge History of Nineteenth-Century Music. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

——. Music and Society: The Late Romantic Era. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1991.

Todd, R. Larry. Nineteenth-Century Piano Music. New York: Routledge, 1990.

Weber, William. Music and the Middle Class: The Social Structure of Concert Life in London, Paris, and Vienna. London: Croom Helm, 1975.

Young, Percy M. The Concert Tradition. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1965.

Chapter 1 Real Worlds, and Better Ones

Ashbrook, William. Donizetti and His Operas. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Bushnell, Howard. Maria Malibran: A Biography of the Singer. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1979.

Dent, Edward J. The Rise of Romantic Opera, ed. Winton Dean. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976.

FitzLyon, April. The Price of Genius: A Life of Pauline Viardot. London: J. Calder, 1964.

Gossett, Philip. Anna Bolena and the Artistic Maturity of Gaetano Donizetti. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.

——. The Tragic Finale of [Rossini's] ‘Tancredi.’ Pesaro: Fondazione Rossini, 1977.

Orrey, Leslie. Bellini. London: J. M. Dent, 1969.

Osborne, Richard. Rossini. London: J. M. Dent, 1987.

Rosselli, John. The Life of Bellini. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

——. The Opera Industry in Italy from Cimarosa to Verdi: The Role of the Impresario. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.

Stendhal. Life of Rossini, trans. R. N. Coe. London: Calder and Boyars, 1956. Reprint, Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1972.

Till, Nicholas. Rossini: His Life and Times. London: Hippocrene Books, 1983.

Weinstock, Herbert. Donizetti and the World of Opera in Italy, Paris, and Vienna in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century. New York: Random House, 1963.

——. Rossini: A Biography. New York: Knopf, 1968.

——. Vincenzo Bellini: His Life and His Operas. New York: Knopf, 1971.

Chapter 2 The Music Trance

Bloom, Peter, ed. Music in Paris in the 1830s. Stuyvesant, N.Y.: Pendragon Press, 1987.

Chusid, Martin. Schubert: Symphony in B minor (“Unfinished”). Norton Critical Scores. New York: Norton, 1968.

Deutsch, Otto Erich. The Schubert Reader: A Life of Franz Schubert in Letters and Documents, trans. Eric Blom. New York: Norton, 1947.

Deutsch, Otto Erich, ed. Schubert: Memoirs by Family and Friends. London: A. and C. Black, 1958.

Gibbs, Christopher. The Life of Schubert. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Gibbs, Christopher, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Schubert. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Hanson, Alice M. Musical Life in Biedermeier Vienna. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Johnson, James H. Listening in Paris: A Cultural History. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1995.

Loesser, Arthur. Men, Women, and Pianos: A Social History. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1954.

McKay, Elizabeth Norman. Franz Schubert: A Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Newbould, Brian. Schubert and the Symphony: A New Perspective. London: Toccata Press, 1993.

——. Schubert: The Music and the Man. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1997.

Piggot, Patrick. The Life and Music of John Field. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1973.

Chapter 3 Volkstümlichkeit

Citron, Marcia J., ed. The Letters of Fanny Hensel to Felix Mendelssohn. Stuyvesant, N.Y.: Pendragon Press, 1987.

Elvers, Rudolf, ed. Felix Mendelssohn: A Life in Letters, trans. Craig Tomlinson. New York: Fromm International, 1986.

Hensel, Sebastian, ed. The Mendelssohn Family (1729–1847), trans. Carl Klingemann. New York: Harper, 1882.

Kramer, Richard. Distant Cycles: Schubert and the Conceiving of Song. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.

Mendelssohn, Felix. Letters, trans. G. Selden-Goth. New York: Pantheon, 1945. Reprint, New York: Vienna House, 1973.

Mercer-Taylor, Peter. The Life of Mendelssohn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Nichols, Roger, ed. Mendelssohn Remembered. London: Faber and Faber, 1997.

Porter, Cecelia Hopkins. The Rhine as Musical Metaphor: Cultural Identity in German Romantic Music. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1996.

Sposato, Jeffrey S. “The Price of Assimilation: The Oratorios of Felix Mendelssohn and Nineteenth-Century Anti-Semitic Tradition.” Ph.D. diss., Brandeis University, 2000. New York: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.

Stein, Jack M. Poem and Music in the German Lied from Gluck to Hugo Wolf. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971.

Tillard, Françoise. Fanny Mendelssohn. Portland, Ore.: Amadeus Press, 1996.

Todd, R. Larry. Mendelssohn: A Life in Music. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

——. Mendelssohn: “The Hebrides” and Other Overtures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Todd, R. Larry, ed. Mendelssohn and His World. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Werner, Eric. Mendelssohn: A New Image of the Composer and His Age. New York: Free Press of Glencoe, 1963.

Youens, Susan. Retracing a Winter's Journey: Schubert's Winterreise. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.

——. Schubert: Die schöne Müllerin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Youens, Susan. Schubert's Late Lieder: Beyond the Song-Cycles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

——. Schubert, Müller, and Die schöne Müllerin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

——. Schubert's Poets and the Making of Lieder. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Chapter 4 Nations, States, and Peoples

Abraham, Gerald. The Tradition of Western Music. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1974.

Becker, Heinz, and Gudrun Becker. Meyerbeer: A Life in Letters. London: A. & C. Black, 1989.

Brown, David. Glinka: A Biographical and Critical Study. London: Oxford University Press, 1974.

Charlton, David, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Grand Opera. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Crosten, William. French Grand Opera: An Art and a Business. New York: Columbia University Press, 1948.

Fulcher, Jane. The Nation's Image: French Grand Opera as Politics and Politicized Art. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Gerhard, Anselm. The Urbanization of Opera: Music Theater in Paris in the Nineteenth Century, trans. Mary Whittall. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.

Glinka, Mikhail Ivanovich. Memoirs, trans. Richard B. Mudge. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1963.

Hallman, Diana R. Opera, Liberalism, and Antisemitism in Nineteenth-Century France: The Politics of Halévy's “La Juive.” Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Kemp, Ian. Hector Berlioz: Les Troyens. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Pendle, Karin. Eugène Scribe and French Grand Opera of the Nineteenth Century. Ann Arbor, Mich.: UMI Research Press, 1979.

Ridenour, Robert C. Nationalism, Modernism and Personal Rivalry in Nineteenth-Century Russian Music. Ann Arbor, Mich.: UMI Research Press, 1977.

Swan, Alfred J. Russian Music and Its Sources in Chant and Folk Song. New York: Norton, 1973.

Taruskin, Richard. Opera and Drama in Russia. Ann Arbor, Mich.: UMI Research Press, 1981.

Warrack, John. Carl Maria von Weber. 2nd ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976.

Chapter 5 Virtuosos

Allsobrook, David Ian. Liszt: My Travelling Circus Life. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1991.

Burger, Ernst. Franz Liszt: A Chronicle of His Life in Pictures and Documents. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989.

Courcy, Geraldine I. C. de. Paganini, the Genoese. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1957.

La Mara [Ida Marie Lipsius], ed. Letters of Franz Liszt. 2 vols. New York: Haskell House, 1968.

Merrick, Paul. Revolution and Religion in the Music of Liszt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Metzner, Paul. Crescendo of the Virtuoso: Spectacle, Skill, and Self-Promotion in Paris during the Age of Revolution. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1998.

Pulver, Jeffrey. Paganini, the Romantic Virtuoso. London: H. Joseph, 1936.

Walker, Alan. Franz Liszt: The Virtuoso Years, 1811–1847. New York: Random House, 1983.

Watson, Derek. Liszt. London: J. M. Dent, 1983.

Williams, Adrian, ed. Portrait of Liszt by Himself and His Contemporaries. London: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Williams, Adrian, ed. and trans. Franz Liszt: Selected Letters. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Chapter 6 Critics

Barzun, Jacques. Hector Berlioz and the Romantic Century. 3rd ed., New York: Columbia University Press, 1969.

Berlioz, Hector. The Art of Music and Other Essays (A Travers Chants), trans. Elizabeth Csicsery-Rónay. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994.

——. The Conductor: The Theory of His Art (anonymous translation). Temecula, Calif.: Best Books, 2001.

——. Evenings in the Orchestra, trans. C. R. Fortescue. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1963.

——. Memoirs, trans. David Cairns. 3rd ed., New York: Random House, 2002.

——. A Selection from His Letters, ed. Humphrey Searle. New York: Vienna House, 1973.

Cairns, David. Berlioz. 2 vols. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2000.

Carse, Adam. The Orchestra from Beethoven to Berlioz. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1948.

Chissell, Joan. Clara Schumann: A Dedicated Spirit. New York: Taplinger, 1983.

Cone, Edward T. Hector Berlioz: Fantastic Symphony. Norton Critical Scores. New York: Norton, 1971.

Daverio, John. Robert Schumann: Herald of a “New Poetic Age.” New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Holoman, D. Kern. Berlioz. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1989.

Komar, Arthur, ed. Schumann: Dichterliebe. Norton Critical Scores. New York: Norton, 1971.

Macdonald, Hugh. Berlioz Orchestral Music. London: British Broadcasting Corporation, 1969.

Macdonald, Hugh, ed. Selected Letters of Berlioz. London: Faber and Faber, 1995.

Marston, Nicholas. Schumann: Fantasie, op. 17. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Murphy, Kerry: Hector Berlioz and the Development of French Music Criticism. Ann Arbor, Mich.: UMI Research Press, 1988.

Ostwald, Peter. Schumann: The Inner Voices of a Musical Genius. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1985.

Plantinga, Leon. Schumann as Critic. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1967.

Pleasants, Henry, ed. The Musical World of Robert Schumann. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1965.

Reich, Nancy B. Clara Schumann. Rev. ed., Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2001.

Rushton, Julian. Berlioz: Roméo et Juliette. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

——. The Musical Language of Berlioz. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Sams, Eric. The Songs of Robert Schumann. 2nd ed., London: Methuen, 1975.

Schumann, Robert. On Music and Musicians, ed. Konrad Wolff. New York: McGraw Hill, 1964.

Todd, R. Larry, ed. Schumann and His World. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994.

Walker, Alan, ed. Robert Schumann: The Man and His Music. London: Barrie & Jenkins, 1972.

Chapter 7 Self and Other

Branson, David. John Field and Chopin. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1972.

Curtiss, Mina. Bizet and His World. New York: Vienna House, 1974.

Dean, Winton. Bizet. 3rd ed., London: J. M. Dent, 1975.

Dianin, Sergei Alexandrovich. Borodin, trans. Robert Lord. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1963.

Eigeldinger, Jean-Jacques. Chopin: Pianist and Teacher, trans. N. Shohet, K. Osostrowicz, and R. Howat. 3rd ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Gottschalk, Louis Moreau. Notes of a Pianist, ed. Jeanne Behrend. New York: Da Capo Press, 1979.

Hagan, Dorothy Veinus. Félicien David, 1810–1876: A Composer and a Cause. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1985.

Higgins, Thomas. Frederic Chopin: Preludes, opus 28: An Authoritative Score, Historical Background, Analysis, Views and Comments. Norton Critical Scores. New York: Norton, 1973.

John, Nicholas. Georges Bizet: Carmen. English National Opera Guide. London, 1982.

Kallberg, Jeffrey. Chopin at the Boundaries: Sex, History, and Musical Genre. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1996.

Locke, Ralph P. Music, Musicians, and the Saint-Simonians. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986.

Long, E. R. A History of the Therapy of Tuberculosis and the Case of Frederic Chopin. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1956.

McClary, Susan. Georges Bizet: Carmen. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Parakilas, James. Ballads without Words: Chopin and the Tradition of the Instrumental Ballade. Portland, Ore.: Amadeus Press, 1992.

Rink, John. Chopin: The Piano Concertos. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Samson, Jim. Chopin. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

——. Chopin: The Four Ballades. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Samson, Jim, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Chopin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Starr, S. Frederick. Bamboula! The Life and Times of Louis Moreau Gottschalk. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Walker, Alan. The Chopin Companion. London: Barrie and Rockliff, 1973.

Chapter 8 Midcentury

Dahlhaus, Carl. The Idea of Absolute Music, trans. Roger Lustig. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.

——. Realism in Nineteenth-Century Music, trans. Mary Whittall. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Hamilton, Kenneth. Liszt: Sonata in B Minor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Hanslick, Eduard. On the Musically Beautiful, trans. Geoffrey Payzant. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 1986.

Hueffer, Francis, ed. and trans. Correspondence of Wagner and Liszt. 2 vols. New York: Vienna House, 1973.

Johns, Kathryn. The Symphonic Poems of Franz Liszt. Stuyvesant, N.Y.: Pendragon Press, 1997.

Saffle, Michael. Liszt in Germany, 1840–1845: A Study in Sources, Documents, and the History of Reception. Stuyvesant, N.Y.: Pendragon Press, 1994.

Walker, Alan. Franz Liszt: The Final Years, 1861–1886. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997.

——. Franz Liszt: The Weimar Years, 1848–1861. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1993.

Chapter 9 Slavs as Subjects and Citizens

Abraham, Gerald. Essays on Russian and East European Music. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.

——. On Russian Music. London: William Reeves, 1939.

——. Slavonic and Romantic Music. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1968.

——. Studies in Russian Music. London: William Reeves, 1936.

Asafyev, Boris. Russian Music from the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century, trans. Alfred J. Swan. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1953.

Bowen, Catherine Drinker. Free Artist: The Story of Anton and Nicholas Rubinstein. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1939.

Calvocoressi, Michel D. and Gerald Abraham. Masters of Russian Music. New York: Tudor Publishing Co., 1944.

Clapham, John. Smetana. London: J. M. Dent, 1972.

Garden, Edward. Balakirev: A Critical Study of His Life and Music. London: Faber and Faber, 1967.

Large, Brian. Smetana. London: Duckworth, 1970.

Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai. My Musical Life (1909), trans. Judah A. Joffe. London: Eulenburg Books, 1974.

Stasov, Vladimir Vasilievich. Selected Essays on Music, trans. Florence Jonas. New York: Praeger, 1968.

Taruskin, Richard. Defining Russia Musically: Historical and Hermeneutical Essays. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997.

Tyrrell, John. Czech Opera. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Chapter 10 Deeds of Music Made Visible (Class of 1813, I)

Abbate, Carolyn. Unsung Voices: Opera and Musical Narrative in the Nineteenth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Bailey, Robert, ed. Richard Wagner: Prelude and Transfiguration from “Tristan und Isolde.” Norton Critical Scores. New York: Norton, 1985.

Barth, Herbert, Dietrich Mack, and Egon Voss. Wagner: A Documentary Study. New York: Oxford University Press, 1975.

Barzun, Jacques. Darwin, Marx, Wagner. Boston: Little, Brown, 1941.

Beckett, Lucy. Richard Wagner: Parsifal. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Dahlhaus, Carl. Richard Wagner's Music Dramas, trans. Mary Whittall. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Deathridge, John, P. Wapnewski, and U. Müller, eds. The Wagner Handbook. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1991.

Donington, Robert. Wagner's ‘Ring’ and Its Symbols: The Music and the Myth. Rev. ed., New York: St. Martin's Press, 1974.

Grey, Thomas S. Wagner's Musical Prose: Texts and Contexts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Hartford, Robert, ed. Bayreuth: The Early Years. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

Large, David C., and William Weber, eds. Wagnerism in European Culture and Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1984.

Laudon, Robert T. Sources of the Wagnerian Synthesis: A Study of the Franco-German Tradition in the Nineteenth Century Opera. Munich and Salzburg: Katzbichler, 1979.

Magee, Bryan. Aspects of Wagner. New York: Stein and Day, 1969.

Millington, Barry. Wagner. Rev. ed., Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.

——. The Wagner Compendium: A Guide to Wagner's Life and Music. London: Thames and Hudson, 2001.

Nietzsche, Friedrich. The Birth of Tragedy and The Case of Wagner, trans. Walter Kaufmann. New York: Vintage Books, 1967.

Sabor, Rudolph. Richard Wagner, Der Ring des Nibelungen: A Companion. 5 vols. London: Phaidon Press, 1997.

Shaw, George Bernard. The Perfect Wagnerite: A Commentary on the Nibelung's Ring (1898); in Shaw, Major Critical Essays. London: Penguin, 1986.

Spencer, Stewart, and Barry Millington, ed. Selected Letters of Richard Wagner. New York: Norton, 1988.

Spotts, Frederic. Bayreuth: A History of the Wagner Festival. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994.

Wagner, Richard. My Life, trans. Andrew Gray, ed. Mary Whittall. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

——. Wagner on Music and Drama: A Compendium of Richard Wagner's Prose Works, ed. Albert Goldman and Evert Sprinchorn, trans. William Ashton Ellis. New York: Dutton, 1964. Reprint, New York: Da Capo Press, 1981.

Warrack, John. Richard Wagner: Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Weiner, Marc A. Richard Wagner and the Anti-Semitic Imagination. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1995.

Westernhagen, Curt. The Forging of the ‘Ring’: Richard Wagner's Composition Sketches for Der Ring des Nibelungen, trans. Arnold and Mary Whittall. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976.

Zimmerman, Elliott. The First Hundred Years of Wagner's Tristan. New York: Columbia University Press, 1964.

Chapter 11 Artist, Politician, Farmer (Class of 1813, II)

Budden, Julian. The Operas of Verdi. 3 vols. London: Oxford University Press, 1973–81.

Busch, Hans. Verdi's Aida: The History of an Opera in Letters and Documents. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1978.

——. Verdi's Falstaff in Letters and Contemporary Reviews. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997.

——. Verdi's ‘Otello’ and ‘Simon Boccanegra’ (revised version) in Letters and Documents. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Conati, Marcello, ed. Encounters with Verdi, trans. Richard Stokes. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1984.

Hepokoski, James. Giuseppe Verdi: Falstaff Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

——. Giuseppe Verdi: Otello. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

John, Nicholas, ed. Falstaff. English National Opera Guides. New York: Riverrun Press, 1982.

——. Otello. English National Opera Guides. New York: Riverrun Press, 1981.

——. Rigoletto. English National Opera Guides. New York: Riverrun Press, 1982.

——. La Traviata. English National Opera Guides. New York: Riverrun Press, 1981.

——. Il Trovatore. English National Opera Guides. New York: Riverrun Press, 1983.

Kimbell, David. Verdi in the Age of Italian Romanticism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Medici, M., and M. Conati. The Verdi-Boito Correspondence, ed. William Weaver. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994

Osborne, Charles. Verdi: A Life in the Theatre. New York: Knopf, 1987.

Osborne, Charles, ed. Letters of Giuseppe Verdi. London: Victor Gollancz, 1971.

Parker, Roger. ‘Arpa d'or’: The Verdian Patriotic Chorus in the 1840s. Parma: Istituto Nazionale di Studi Verdiani, 1998.

——. Leonora's Last Act: Essays in Verdian Discourse. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997.

Phillips-Matz, Mary Jane. Verdi: A Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Weaver, William. Verdi: A Documentary Study. London: Thames and Hudson, 1977.

Weaver, William, and Martin Chusid, eds. The Verdi Companion. New York: Norton, 1979.

Werfel, Franz, and Paul Stefan. Verdi: The Man in His Letters, trans. Edward Downes. New York: Vienna House, 1973.

Chapter 12 Cutting Things Down to Size

Ashbrook, William. The Complete Operas of Puccini. Rev. ed., Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Ashbrook, William, and Harold Powers. Puccini's Turandot: The End of the Great Tradition. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Brown, Malcolm H., ed. Musorgsky: In Memoriam, 1881–1981. Ann Arbor, Mich.: UMI Research Press, 1982.

Budden, Julian. Puccini: His Life and Works. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Carner, Mosco. Giacomo Puccini: Tosca. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

——. Puccini: A Critical Biography. 3rd ed., London: Holmes & Meier, 1992.

Crittenden, Camille. Johann Strauss and Vienna: Operetta and the Politics of Popular Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Emerson, Caryl. The Life of Musorgsky. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Emerson, Caryl, and Robert W. Oldani. Modest Musorgsky and Boris Godunov: Myths, Realities, Reconsiderations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Faris, Alex. Jacques Offenbach. Boston: Faber and Faber, 1980.

Gartenberg, Egon. Johann Strauss: The End of an Era. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1974.

Girardi, Michele. Puccini: His International Art, trans. Laura Basini. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Groos, Arhur, and Roger Parker, eds. Giacomo Puccini: La Bohème. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Harding, James. Folies deParis: The Rise and Fall of French Operetta. London: Chappell, 1979.

——. Gounod. New York: Stein and Day, 1973.

——. Jacques Offenbach: A Biography. New York: Riverrun Press, 1980.

——. Massenet. London: J. M. Dent, 1970.

Huebner, Steven. The Operas of Charles Gounod. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Hughes, Gervase. Composers of Operetta. London: Macmillan, 1962.

Jacobs, Arthur. Arthur Sullivan: A Victorian Musician. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984.

John, Nicholas, ed. Puccini: Madama Butterfly. English National Opera Guides. New York: Riverrun Press, 1984.

——. Tchaikovsky: Eugene Onegin. English National Opera Guides. New York: Riverrun Press, 1988.

Kemp, Peter. The Strauss Family: Portrait of a Musical Dynasty. 2nd ed., Tunbridge Wells: Seven Hills Books, 1989.

Leyda, Jay, and Sergei Bertensson, eds. The Musorgsky Reader: A Life of M. P. Musorgsky in Letters and Documents. New York: Norton, 1947.

Nicolaisen, Jay R. Italian Opera in Transition, 1871–1893. Ann Arbor, Mich.: UMI Research Press, 1980.

Orlova, Alexandra, ed. Musorgsky Remembered. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991.

Phillips-Matz, Mary Jane. Puccini: A Biography. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 2002.

Puccini, Simonetta, and William Weaver. The Puccini Companion. Rev. ed., New York: Norton, 2000.

Taruskin, Richard. Musorgsky: Eight Essays and an Epilogue. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.

Walsh, Thomas J. Second-Empire Opera: The Théâtre-Lyrique, Paris, 1851–1870. London: John Calder, 1981.

Wilson, Conrad. Puccini. London: Phaidon Press, 1997.

Chapter 13 The Return of the Symphony

Avins, Styra, ed. Johannes Brahms: Life and Letters. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Bonds, Mark Evan. After Beethoven: Imperatives of Originality in the Symphony. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1996.

Brodbeck, David. Brahms: Symphony No. 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Frisch, Walter. Brahms and the Principle of Developing Variation. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1984.

——. Brahms: The Four Symphonies. New York: Schirmer, 1996.

Frisch, Walter, ed. Brahms and His World. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990.

Gál, Hans. Schumann Orchestral Music. BBC Music Guides. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1979.

Geiringer, Karl. Brahms: His Life and Work. 3rd ed., New York: Da Capo Press, 1984.

Hancock, Virginia L. Brahms's Choral Compositions and His Library of Early Music. Ann Arbor, Mich.: UMI Research Press, 1983.

Hull, Kenneth, ed. Johannes Brahms Symphony No. 4 in E Minor, op. 98. Norton Critical Scores. New York: Norton, 2000.

Keys, Ivor. Brahms Chamber Music. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1974.

Knapp, Raymond. Brahms and the Challenge of the Symphony. Stuyvesant, N.Y.: Pendragon, 1997.

Musgrave, Michael. Brahms: A German Requiem. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

——. A Brahms Reader. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000.

Swafford, Jan. Johannes Brahms. New York: Knopf, 1997.

Chapter 14 The Symphony Goes (Inter)National

Abraham, Gerald, ed. The Music of Tchaikovsky. 2nd ed., New York: Norton, 1974.

Beckerman, Michael. New Worlds of Dvořák. New York: Norton, 2003.

Beckerman, Michael, ed. Dvořák and His World. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.

Beveridge, David. Rethinking Dvořák: Views from Five Countries. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Clapham, John. Antonín Dvořák: Musician and Craftsman. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1969.

——. Dvořák. New York: Norton, 1979.

Davies, Laurence. César Franck and His Circle. London: Barrie & Jenkins, 1970.

——. Franck. London: J. M. Dent, 1973.

D'Indy, Vincent. César Franck (1914). Reprint, New York: Dover Publications, 1965.

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"." In Music in the Nineteenth Century, Oxford University Press. (New York, USA, n.d.). Retrieved 28 Aug. 2016, from http://www.oxfordwesternmusic.com/view/Volume3/actrade-9780195384833-bibliographyGroup-001.xml