The original Academy, a school located in the gardens of Academus (a legendary hero) near Athens, was founded by Plato early in the fourth century bce and lasted until 529 CE, when, having long since moved to the grounds of Cicero’s villa at Tusculum near Rome, it was closed down by the Emperor Justinian as part of an antipagan campaign, an act often associated with the coming of the “Dark Ages.” The revival of the term by associations of artists and thinkers—beginning with the Accademia Platonica, an informal circle led by Marsilio Ficino that met at the palace of Lorenzo dei Medici in Florence between 1470 and 1492—was thus one of the most self-conscious, programmatic acts of the humanist rebirth of learning.
- Citation (MLA):
- Richard Taruskin. "Chapter 19 Pressure of Radical Humanism." The Oxford History of Western Music. Oxford University Press. New York, USA. n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2013. <http://www.oxfordwesternmusic.com/view/Volume1/actrade-9780195384819-div1-019002.xml>.
- Citation (APA):
- Taruskin, R. (n.d.). Chapter 19 Pressure of Radical Humanism. In Oxford University Press, Music from the Earliest Notations to the Sixteenth Century. New York, USA. Retrieved 10 Dec. 2013, from http://www.oxfordwesternmusic.com/view/Volume1/actrade-9780195384819-div1-019002.xml
- Citation (Chicago):
- Richard Taruskin. "Chapter 19 Pressure of Radical Humanism." In Music from the Earliest Notations to the Sixteenth Century, Oxford University Press. (New York, USA, n.d.). Retrieved 10 Dec. 2013, from http://www.oxfordwesternmusic.com/view/Volume1/actrade-9780195384819-div1-019002.xml